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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 2013-01
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Effects of field configuration on ecological factors and photosynthetic parameters of cotton in apricot-cotton intercropping system

XU Wen-xiu,LIU Yu-na,XU Xin-qiang,CHEN Fei-hu,ZHANG Yong-qiang(Xinjiang Agricultural University,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830052,China)  
The experiment was conducted to find out the effects of field configuration on ecological factors and photosynthetic parameters of cotton in the multiple system of apricot-cotton intercropping.The results showed that the daily average temperature of cotton canopy varied within 24.49℃~35.19℃,and it could be ranked as: CBA(A stood for 12 rows,12 cm plant spacing,1.15 m spacing between apricot and cotton;B stood for 10 rows,10 cm plant spacing,1.45 m spacing between apricot and cotton;and C stood for 8 rows,8 cm plant spacing,1.85 m spacing between apricot and cotton).The humidity of cotton canopy could be ranked as: CAB.Before initial flowering stage,A was the highest in soil temperature at 20 cm depth and B was the next,while hereafter,there was no difference among the treatments.Before the first irrigation,there were significant differences of soil water content at 20 cm depth among the treatments,which could be ranked as: BAC,but there was no remarkable difference at 40 cm depth;after the first irrigation,there were significant differences at 40 cm depth among the treatments,which could be ranked as: BCA.Pn in all growth period was ranked as CBA,which was positively correlated with the temperature of cotton canopy,but not with SPAD.The lint yield of B was the largest,being 4.69% and 19.96% higher compared with that of A and C respectively.In spite of the shade of fruit trees,the temperature could be satisfied to the growth of cotton in the apricot-cotton intercropping system,therefore,humidity and soil water content were the important factors affecting the cotton production.
【Fund】: 农业部公益性行业专项(201103001);; 国家“十一五”科技支撑计划项目(2009BADA4801-3)
【CateGory Index】: S562;S662.2
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