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《Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas》 2014-05
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The drivers and ecological effects of spacio-temporal dynamics farmland in Yanqi Basin

Mamattursun EZIZ;Hamid YIMIT;ZHANG Yi-qiong;College of Geographical Science and Tourism,Xinjiang Normal University;Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Lake Environment and Resources in Arid Zone;College of Resources and Environmental Science,Xinjiang University;  
Using statistic data and based on multivariate statistical analysis and literature survey,the dynamics and drivers of farmland changes in Yanqi Basin within 1988—2011 were analyzed and the effects of farmland change on eco-environment were studied. Results showed that:( 1) The changes of farmland area in Yanqi Basin within 1988—2011 were fluctuated,and total area of farmland increased during the study period. The total area of farmland increased from 76. 25 × 104hm2 in 1988 to 135. 70 × 104hm2 in 2011,while it increased 178% with the net increase of 59. 45 × 104hm2,and the changing trends of total farmland area were similar among counties;( 2)The main drivers of farmland dynamics in Yanqi Basin including government policy,economic development,population increase and the progress in agricultural techniques;( 3) Farmland dynamics has improved the eco-environment of Yanqi Basin to some extent,whereas resulted in a series of eco-environmental problems such as desertification around the outer oasis,salinization in the inner oasis,and degradation of lake and wetland,which have been threatening the stability of the oasis. Results of the study could provide scientific basis for reasonable use of farmland resources of oasis,and for maintaining ecological security and sustainable development of oases in arid land.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41201032 U1138302);; 新疆师范大学博士科研启动基金项目(XJNUBS1212);; 新疆干旱区湖泊环境与资源实验室开放课题(XJDX0909-2012-01)
【CateGory Index】: X171.1;F301.24
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