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《Arid Zone Research》 2002-01
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Formation Conditions and Affecting Factors of Sand-dust Storm

ZHAO Jingbo DU Juan HUANG Chunchang (Department of Geography Shanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China) (State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, Xi'an 710054, China)  
On the basis of the material of sand-dust storm occurrence in historical periods, the formation conditions and affecting factors of sand-dust storm is discussed. Cold wave in certain periods is the formation motive force, and combining with the sand and dust in particular state is the necessary conditions of sand-dust storm occurrence. Temperature and precipitation affect greatly the formation of sand-dust storm. Although formation of sand-dust storm is related to the moverment of cold wave, its moverment is weak in the cold winter with the lowest temperature and strong in the spring with moderate temperature. The temperature in main activity periods of sand-dust storm is 2℃ higher than the average annual temperature in its origin areas, and 1~2℃ lower than the average annual temperature in its deposition areas. If precipitation is a little, moverment of sand-dust storm is strong. However, sand-dust storm does not occur mainly in winter with the least precipitation but occurs mainly in spring with less precipitation. The precipitation in activity periods of sand-dust storm is about 30% less than the average annual precipitation in the areas.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社科重大项目 ( 2 0 0 0ZDXM 770 0 13);; 国家自然科学基金项目 ( 4 0 0 710 0 6 )研究成果
【CateGory Index】: P445.4
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