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《Arid Zone Research》 2004-03
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Study on the Change of the Groundwater Environment and Its Causes in the Minqin Basin, Gansu Province

ZHAO Hua , MA Jin-zhu , ZHU Gao-feng , LI Xiang-hu (Key Laboratory of West Environmental Science, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China)  
The total area of the Minqin Basin is 1.6×104 km2, but the area of the oasis occupies 9% only and is gradually reduced due to the shortage of water resources. Along with the population growth and the economic development, groundwater in the basin is excessively pumped, thus the groundwater quality is seriously deteriorated. In this paper, the change of the groundwater environment and its causes in the basin are researched. The results show that the chemical properties of groundwater in the Minqin Basin are obviously characterized by the horizontal and vertical zonal distribution. Along the direction of stream flow, the groundwater changes gradually from the SO 4 2--Na+-Mg 2+ pattern in the south to the Cl--SO 4 2--Na+ pattern, and the shallow groundwater in the dried-up Qingtu Lake area becomes completely the Cl-Na pattern. Vertically, the shallow groundwater is salty and the deep groundwater is fresh. Along with the sharp reduction of surface water and the seriously excessive pumping of groundwater, the groundwater environment is seriously deteriorated, and the infiltration depth of salty water is down to 60 m. Especially, the mineralization of shallow groundwater in the dried-up Qingtu Lake area is increased from 3 g/L in the 1970's to 16 g/L at present. Therefore, it is the radical measure for conserving the groundwater environment in the basin to increase the surface water resources, reduce the volume of pumped groundwater, and develop the water-saving agriculture.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 ( 4 0 3 0 2 0 3 1); ; 与香港乐施会基金项目 (CHN0 715 -0 2A)
【CateGory Index】: P641.2
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