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《Arid Zone Research》 2005-03
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Biological Characters of Coccinella undecimpunctata Linnaeus

WANG Lin-xia~1, TIAN Chang-yan~1, MA Ying-jie~1, HU Ming-fang~1, ZHANG Xiang-lin~2(1 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China; 2 Xinjiang Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau)  
Beneficial ladybugs are the important natural enemies in the world, and many species of ladybugs are extensively distributed. Coccinella undecimpunctata Linnaeus are mainly distributed in Gansu Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region in China, and are a preponderant species in cotton fields in south Xinjiang. In this paper, the biological characteristics of Coccinella undecimpunctata Linnaeus in Xinjiang are researched. The results show that an adult of Coccinella undecimpunctata Linnaeus can arrest 127 aphides a day, 1st~4th larvae can arrest 11, 79, 166 and 181 aphides a day respectively. A female adult of Coccinella undecimpunctata Linnaeus can oviposit 25~79 spawns a day 44 spawns in average. The egg stage of Coccinella undecimpunctata Linnaeus is 2.3 days under temperature of 28±1 ℃, 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th larva stages are 2.0, 0.7, 0.9 and 2.1 days respectively. The pupa stage is 3.5 days, and the generation development duration is 11.5 days. The adults of Coccinella undecimpunctata Linnaeus have powerful migration capability. Coccinella undecimpunctata Linnaeus like to gather into groups to live through summer. The adults perch in the bark apertures to live safely through winter at temperature of -15 ℃.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX1-08-01)
【CateGory Index】: S476.2
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