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《Arid Zone Research》 2006-01
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Study on Spatial Fuzzy Comprehensive Assessment of Ecological and environmental Quality in West Jilin Province

LIU Dian-wei~(1,2), ZHOU Yun-xuan~(1,3), FU Zhe~1(1 College of Geoexploration Science and Technology,Jilin University,Changchun 130026,China,130026;2 Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun130012,China;3 State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Dynamical Sediment and Morphologic Research,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China)  
The study area is located in a farming-pastoral ecotone where the ecology and environment are vulnerable in the western part of Jilin Province,China.The ecology and environment are seriously degenerated in recent years,especially the land desertification,soil salinization or alkalization and steppe degeneration become more and more serious.Based on developing the index system of ecological and environmental assessment for the west Jilin Province,in this paper the ecological and environmental quality in the study area is comprehensively assessed by using the methods of spatial fuzzy comprehensive assessment.Moreover, some concrete problems,such as the spatial expression of the subordinative degree and the confirmation of weight vectors in assessment of regional ecological and environmental quality,are researched.The results show that the ecological and environmental quality in the study area is moderate or poor,and the spatial distribution displays the eastern and western patterns.The results also reveal that the ecological and environmental quality deteriorates from the southwest to the northeast in the study area.After analyzing,the driving forces bringing about the ecological and environmental evolution can be concluded as follows:(1) The natural factors make the ecological and environmental quality be moderate or poor;(2) The ecological and environmental evolution is extremely slow and fluctuates hereabout the background value;(3) Artificial factors and land use affect jointly the ecological and environmental change in the study area;(4) The policy regulation including the policy of planned parenthood,implementation of scientific and technological measures,restriction and forbiddenness of pastoral activities in some regions,etc.,plays an actively in improving the ecological and environmental quality.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“百人计划”专项基金项目;; 全球环境基金(GEF)(GE/2712-03)
【CateGory Index】: X821
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