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《Arid Zone Research》 2007-06
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Study on Spatiotemporal Change of Evapotranspiration in the Yellow River Basin

SHI Jian-guo1,2,3,YAN Chang-rong2,HE Wen-qing2,LIU Ke-li1,LIU Qin(1.Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development on Agriculture,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science,Beijing 100081,China;2.Inner Mongolia Agricultural University,Huhhot 010019,China;3.Baotou College of Light Industry & Vocational Technology,Baotou 014045,Inner Mongolia,China)  
In this study,the values of evapotranspiration potential in the Yellow River Basin are calculated using the Penman-Monteith method recommended by the FAO in 1990 based on the meteorological data observed by 93 meteorological stations during the period from 1957 to 2001 and authorized by China Meteorological Administration,on which a map of evapotranspiration potential distribution in the Yellow River Basin is charted using the Kriging interpolation method.The results show that the spatial distribution of annual evapotranspiration potential in the study area is strongly affected by many factors,such as the climatic,topographical,geomorphologic and geographical factors,and the difference of annual evapotranspiration potential between the different localities is significant.Generally,the evapotranspiration potential decreases from the northeast to the southwest.Temporally,the annual evapotranspiration potential has been in a trend of "decrease-stabilization-increase" since 1957,and it was the highest at the end of 1990s.Seasonal evapotranspiration potential is in a sequence of summer spring autumn winter.Monthly evapotranspiration potential in the upper,middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River Basin is the highest during the period from May to July and lowest during the period from November to next February,and the difference of monthly evapotranspiration potential between the different localities is also significant.
【Fund】: 农业部农业结构调整重大技术研究专项“华北粮食主产区农业环境监测评价体系研究”;; Challenge Program on Water & Food“Conservation agriculture for the dry-land areas of the Yellow River Basin”;; 科技部科研院所社会公益研究专项(2004DIB3J095)资助
【CateGory Index】: P332.2
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