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《Arid Zone Research》 2008-05
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Preliminary Study on Soil Humidity and Its Relationships with Soil Temperature and Air Temperature in Snow Melting Season

YANG Shao-fu1,2, LIU Zhi-hui1,2,3, YAN Yan1,2, YE Zhao-xia4(1.College of Resources and Environment Sciences,Xinjiang University,Urumqi 830046,China;2.Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology of Ministry of Education,Xinjiang University,Urumqi 830046,China;3.International Center for Sustainable Development Research in Arid and Semiarid Lands,Urumqi 830046,China;4.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,China)  
In this paper,the change of soil humidity and its relationships with soil temperature and air temperature in the Juntang River Basin in northern slope of the Tianshan Mountains in snow melt season are analyzed based on the data of soil humidity,soil temperature and air temperature in snow melt season in 2006.Moreover,the relation between the daily average soil humidity at depth of 10 cm and the daily mean air temperature is fitted,a regression equation is developed,and the correlation passes through the significance test of 0.05.The correlation between the daily mean air temperature 20 cm above snow surface and the daily average soil humidity at depth of 10 cm is analyzed(R=0.78).The result reveals that there is a significant correlation between these two factors.Soil humidity within soil depth of 30 cm is basically similar,and it needs 4 hours when the soil humidity reaches the maximum but 20 hours when it decreases to its minimum.The effect of soil temperature on soil moisture movement is significant,the daily change of soil humidity is unimodal,and the highest value of soil humidity occurs at 16:00~17:00 o'clock due to the effects of wind speed and surface temperature.It is considered that the situation of soil humidity can be roughly explained by the correlation between air temperature above snow surface and soil humidity,and the study results can be referred in predicting spring snowmelt flood in the Juntang River Basin.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(“3S”技术支持下的融雪洪水预警决策支持系统研究70361001);; 中国沙漠气象科学研究基金“积雪遥感与融雪洪水监测预测研究”(Sqj2007004)资助
【CateGory Index】: S152.7
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