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《Arid Zone Research》 2009-02
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Physiological Stress of Captive and ReleasedAdult Male Przewalski's Horses in Winter

CAO Ting-ting1, HU De-fu1, YU Xiao-jie1,CAO Jie2, LI Kai1, ZHANG Feng1(1.College of Bioscience and Technology,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China;2.Xinjiang Centre for Przewalski's Horse Breeding and Research,Urumqi 830000,China)  
In this study,the RIA method was used to evaluate the fecal glucocorticoid metabolites of adult male Przewalski's horses(Equus przewalskii) that were captured and released in the Xinjiang Centre for Przewalski's Horse Breeding and Research and the Karamay Natural Reserve.The physiological stress levels of each group of horses was then determined based on the generated data.The results revealed that the mean values of fecal glucocorticoid metabolites differed significantly among groups.Specifically,the values observed in samples collected from released bachelors and stallions(T=7.193,P=0.000),released stallions and captive stallions(T=7.496,P=0.000),and captive bachelors and released bachelors(T=8.06,P=0.000) differed significantly.In addition,the values observed in samples collected from captive bachelors and stallions differed(T=2.976,P=0.019).The physiological stress level in all groups occurred in the order of captive bachelors captive stallions released stallions released bachelors.Moreover,the possible stressors of each group of adult male Przewalski's horses were analyzed and the management of captive and released Przewalski's horses is discussed from the viewpoint of physiological stress.
【Fund】: 科技部“十一五”科技支撑项目(2008BADB0B04);; 国家自然科学基金项目(30570239);; 北京林业大学研究生自选课题(06jj056)资助
【CateGory Index】: S863
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