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《Arid Zone Research》 2011-02
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Study on Development and Regional Effects of the Energy and Mineral Resources Sectors in Xinjiang

DU Hong-ru1,LI Xue-mei1,2,WANG Chang-jian1,2(1.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830011,China; 2.Graduate University,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)  
Energy and mineral resources sectors have become as the industries of driving forces for regional development in Xinjiang,an energy-rich region.In this paper,the development and regional effects of energy and mineral resources sectors in economic and ecological development in Xinjiang are lucubrated.The conclusions can be summarized as follows:(1) Position of the sectors of extraction and processing of petroleum and natural gas as well as of coking and nuclear fuel processing has been increasingly raised in industrial development in China,that of the sectors of mining,dressing and processing of ferrous metals has been increased to some extent,but the sectors of preponderant resources,such as mining and dressing of coal,are not made into full play yet;(2) The driving effects of energy and mineral resources sectors to the regional economic development are significantly,especially since 2000,the contribution rate of the energy and mineral resources sectors to the economic development in Xinjiang is higher than 40% all along,and there is a strong backward linkage effect of the energy and mineral resources sectors to other sectors;(3) Degeneration of ecological environment is related to the total energy consumption of the energy and mineral resources sectors to some extent,the total energy consumption of the energy and mineral resources sector is about 1.00×104 t of standard coal,whose carbon emission will be increased by 9.59×103 t,exhaust of industry waste gas by 1.80×108 m3,discharges of industrial sewage and industrial wastes by 1.67×104 t and 5.32×103 t,and emission of industrial sulfur dioxide by 120 t,respectively.
【Fund】: 西部之光人才培养计划(XBBS200812);; 国家自然科学基金(40601032)
【CateGory Index】: F426.1
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