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《Arid Zone Research》 2014-01
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Optimized Modes of Planted Sand-fixing Vegetation in the Horqin Sandy Land

JIANG De-ming;ZHANG Na;A Lamusa;ZHOU Quan-lai;WANG Yong-cui;MIAO Ren-hui;Toshio Oshid;Institute of Applied Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;Azabu University;  
By analyzing the soil moisture content,evapotranspiration and vegetation coverage under 7 modes of planted vegetation in growing season,the preferred modes of planted vegetation were optimized,and these modes could be used to maintain the good soil moisture conditions,efficient vegetation coverage and ideal effectiveness of sand stabilization in the Horqin sandy land. Soil moisture content varied in a range of 2. 32%- 3. 41% and could basically satisfy the water consumption for plant growth at the early stage of sand fixation. It,however,was low in dry season,and the normal growth of vegetation was impacted. The proportion of evapotranspiration under the 7modes of planted sand-fixing vegetation occupied over 94% of rainfall,and the balance of soil moisture content could be basically maintained. The planted sand-fixing plantations including the pure Caragana korshinkii shrubbery( 525 plants / hm2),mixed plantation of Hedysarum fruticosum( 500 plants/hm2) with Artemisia desterorum( 2 800 plants/hm2),and Hedysarum fruticosum shrubbery( 3 300 plants/hm2) were good for popularize in the study area. The planting density of pure Hedysarum fruticosum( 3 300 plants / hm2) was high,but the water consumption was also high,so some measures should be taken to reduce its density. The sand-fixing effect of pure Populus simonii Carr.( 1 350 plants / hm2) was relatively poor because of its high soil moisture consumption and low vegetation coverage.
【Fund】: 国家林业公益性行业科研专项(201004023)
【CateGory Index】: S775
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