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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2001-03
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Studies on The Air Environmental BeringCapacities and The Countermeasures of Air Pollution Prevention and Control in Urumqi

LI Xin-qi 1 HAIRET Tursun 2 (1.Xinjiang Institution of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011,China) (2.Center for Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871,China)  
The air in Urumqi city is polluted gravely, especially in winter. The paper analyses the quality actualities of air environment, the features of air pollution, the main reasons of air pollution and points out that human activities are the main reasons of air pollution. Based on the concept of air environmental bearing capacity, this paper figured out the bearing capacities of four major air contamination (SO 2, TSP, NO x,descendent dust )and the carrying capacities for economy and society. According to the calculated data, the article reach a conclusion that the amount of contamination is far more beyond the limits of air environmental bearing capacity, which badly restrict the economy and society sustainable development. Based on the level of development and the advantage of sanitary resources, this paper also puts forward the prevention and control goal of air pollution and the countermeasures of air pollution prevention and control. These are: ①strengthening city plan, adjusting energy structure and improving industrial layout. ②strengthening the control of exhausted gases. ③strengthening the project of city virescence and decreasing the pollution of dust. ④strengthening the organization constitute and intensifing the supervise and management of environmental protection. ⑤actively developing the research of environmental science and positively expending the environmental protection industry. ⑥strengthening the publicities of environmental protection and enhancing the people's awareness of the environment protection.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 ( 39970 15 0 );; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 ( G19990 435 0 9)阶段成果之一
【CateGory Index】: X51
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