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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2011-10
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Effects of the ecological construction in the hlilly Loess Plateau

LU Changhe1,WANG Qian1,2,MA Junfei1,2(1.Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,P.R.China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,P.R.China)  
The Hilly Loess Plateau in Northwestern China is a key region for the ecological construction program,financially supported by the government to promote the restoration of degraded land by converting slope farmland to forest or grassland.After the implementation in 1999,this program stimulated various changes in the physical environment,food grain production and rural income.In this paper we discussed effects of the program on the above aspects,and identified the awareness and responses of local farmers to the program in the Hilly Loess Plateau with special focuses on Ansai County,based on literature and household survey data.It was found that the ecological construction program markedly promoted the vegetation restoration and an increase of farmer income,and thus received a positive response and active participation of local farmers.Since the converted farmland was mostly steep slope land with low yield,the farmland conversion had no adverse effects on the food grain production,but it promoted an improvement of land inputs and management,adjustment of agricultural structure,and rural labor transfer,and thus the structural change of farmer income.It is suggested that the government should continue the support to the ecological building,to promote the development of high efficient farming systems such as greenhouse vegetation and fruit production to improve farmer income,and to help farmers building terraces to increase the subsistence level of food self-sufficiency.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新重要方向性项目(kzcx2-yw-421);; 自然科学基金项目(40671007)资助
【CateGory Index】: S157
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