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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2014-09
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Temporal and spatial variation of oasis cold island effect in Ganzhou district of Zhangye based on landsat TM /ETM+

LI Runlin;SHI Yongjie;YAO Yanmin;TIAN Fuping;HU Yu;The Lanzhou Scientific Observation and Experiment Field Station of Ministry of Agriculture for Ecological System in Loess Plateau Areas;Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Key Laboratory of Agri - Informatics,Ministry of Agriculture;Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;  
Oasis is a special type of natural landscape. Cold island effect is a unique phenomenon in oasis. Study cold island effect is helpful to understand the characteristics and role of oasis. This research used remote sensing data of 2001,2005and 2010 to quantitatively analyze the cold island effect in Zhangye city,Gansu Province. The results showed:( 1) Using normalized difference surface temperature index( NDSTI) analysis we found that oasis has lower temperature compared with non- oasis; the temperature area that showed cool island effect was increasing but the temperature area that showed heat island was reducing. Quantitative analysis showed that the temperature in oasis was 1. 6℃ lower than that in non- oasis area in 2001,lower 1. 2℃ than non- oasis area in 2005,lower 4. 9℃ than non- oasis area in 2010. It performed " cool island effect" clearly.( 2) Cold island ratio index shows that cold island effect had a U shaped trend in the Zhangye city in past 10 years.( 3) Analysis on the relationship between the surface temperature and NDVI showed a negative correlation. Increasing vegetation can alleviate oasis temperature. It provides a theoretical basis for the government to protect the oasis ecological environment.
【Fund】: 国家973计划课题(2010CB951502);; 公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201203008);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(1610322013016)资助
【CateGory Index】: TP79;P463
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