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《Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment》 2020-01
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Fine root distribution and activity of Fraxinus velutina plantations based on the forest stand age in the Yellow River Delta

LI Yongtao;WANG Xia;ZHOU Jian;WEI Haixia;DU Zhenyu;Shandong Academy of Forestry Sciences;Forest Ecosystem Research Station of the Yellow River delta in Shandong Ecological Restoration Engineering Research Center for Coastal Saline-Alkali Land;  
To determine the distribution and growth characteristics of fine roots of Fraxinus velutina plantations of different forest stand age(5 a,12 a, and 18 a) in saline-alkali soils of the Yellow River Delta, we studied the fine root(≤2 mm) biomass density, root length density, surface area density, specific root length, specific surface area, root tip number, branch number, cross number and root activity by layered digging and image-scanning analysis. The results showed that the fine root biomass density of Fraxinus velutina plantations of different forest stand age increased with the increase of forest stand age and decreased with the increase of soil depth. The fine root of 3 kinds of forest stand ages were mostly distributed in surface soil and subsurface soil of 0-40 cm, and the proportion of root biomass density in this layer was 70.91%~81.39% in the total root biomass density, while the proportion of root biomass density in the deep soil layer was 1.16%~3.71%. The fine root extended from topsoil to deep soil with the increase of forest age, and fine root biomass in the surface soil had significantly difference with that of subdeep soil and deep soil(P0.05). Root length density, surface area density, fine root tip number, branch number and cross number increased with the increase of forest age and decreased with the increase of soil depth, the average diameter of fine roots showed an opposite trend in vertical structure of soil layer, and the variation rules of specific root length and specific surface area were different. The variation of root activity in surface soil and subsurface soil was similar with the sequences of 12 a5 a18 a, but the sequences in subdeep soil and deep soil were 12 a18 a5 a. Besides the root activity decreased with the increase of soil depth. The correlation analysis indicated that there was a significant negative correlation between fine root biomass density of three kinds of forest stand age and soil salinity and soil bulk density, and significantly positively correlation with total soil porosity, organic matter, ammonium nitrogen, available phosphorus, available potassium and root activity except that there was a positive correlation between the fine root biomass density of 12 a plantations and the total soil porosity.
【Fund】: 山东省林业科技创新项目(LYCX03-2018-14);; 山东省重大科技创新工程(2017CXGC0314);; 山东省重点研发计划(2017GGH5128)资助
【CateGory Index】: S718.5
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