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《JOURNAL OF ARID LAND RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT》 1996-01
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WILD EDIBLE PLANTS OF "THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE MONGOLS

Khasbagan(Department of Biology, Inner, Mongolia Normal University)  
The Secret History of the Mongols" (?,1240) is the first and earliest written records of the Mongol nationality. This book concerns the ancient Mongolian politics, economy, history, culture etc. In this paper,with the help of many useful materials, the ancient mongol names of plants which appeared in the book are studies. As a result of textual research, there are 8 species of wild edible plants in the book. They are Malus baccata (L.) Borkh, Prunus padus L.Sanguisorba officinalis L. Potentilla anserina L, Allium victorialis L.Allium senescens L. Lilium pumilum DC. and Allium ramosum L. The used parts of the plants are roots, root tubers, stems, bulbs, leaves and fruits. They used wild fruits and edible wild herbs at the end of the 12th century. As a result of flora and geographic distribution research, the plants still widely distributed in the Hernti mountain area of Mongolia where the ancient Mongols lived at that time. As a result of ethnobotanical research, the plants are still used by the Mongols for food, wild fruits, edible wild herbs, medicine, condiment and tea substitute.In the pater, there is a table "The list of inventory and recording of wild edible plants in ' The Secret History of the Mongols '" which displays mongol folk names, chinese names, scientific names, the used parts and usage.
【Fund】: 内蒙古教育厅科研基金
【CateGory Index】: S58
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