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《Journal of International Trade》 2015-03
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Environmental Regulation, Market Competition and Trade Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Study Based on Panel Data of China's Industrial Sectors

YANG Zhen-bing;MA Xia;PU Hong-xia;  
Existing studies have failed to pay enough attention to market competition and other important factors that influence comparative advantages in trade, and environmental regulation indicators have certain drawbacks. Against this background, this paper firstly estimates the trade comparative advantages of China's industrial sector during2001-2012, and then sets up a new environmental regulation indicator to comprehensively and empirically survey the influence of a number of different factors such as environmental regulation and market competition other than the endowment factors on the trade comparative advantages of China's industrial sector, during which the system GMM is used to effectively control the endogeneity. It is found that the China's overall trade comparative advantage of the industrial sector within the sample is good, and the impact of the intensity of the environmental regulation on the trade comparative advantage took on an inverted U-shape relation; besides, market competition, human capital, physical capital and input on innovation had a significant positive impact on the trade comparative advantage, while the increasing labor costs and the 2008 financial crisis significantly weakened the trade comparative advantage. In view of these, it is of great significance to lay emphasis on strategic talents, RD development and the regulation of industrial competition in order to enhance trade comparative advantages.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金项目“亚洲区域一体化的发展趋势、影响因素及战略选择”(项目批准号:11AZD036)的研究成果之一
【CateGory Index】: F424;F752
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