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《Certebrata Palasiatica》 1962-03
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SOME PROBLEMS CONCERNING THE SINANTHROPUS INDUSTRY OF CHOUKOUTIEN

CHANG SHEN-SHUAI(Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology, Academia Sinica)  
A systematic study of all the collections of lithic artefacts found in association with the Sinanthropus remains in the deposits of Locality 1 of Choukoutien is now carrying on by a group of Palaeolithic archaeologists in the Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology. Different opinions have been raised and ensue warm discussion on the characters and interpretation of the Sinanthropus Industry. As a participator of this team, the present author submits in brief his personal idea herein for further discussion of this interesting subject. According to the observation made personally on a total amount of 5897 pieces of Sinanthropus artefacts, which are now available for investigating in the Institute, the following preliminary conclusions were reached by the present author. 1) It seems that no definite technique nor process in both flaking and chipping had yet been developped in making stone artefacts by Sinanthropus, and restrict differentiation of the usage of implements can hardly be observed in the Sinanthropus Industry. Considered as a whole, the Choukoutien Loc. 1 lithic artefacts retain still the primitive characters, such as the multiple usage in one single tool, etc. 2) The age of Sinanthropus Industry is undoubtedly dated as early stage of Early Palaeolithic; according to the stratigraphical evidence and the characteristics of the lithic artefacts, it is suggested to sub-divide the Sinanthropus Industry into an early and a late stage. 3) Since all the stone tools collected from Quartz Horizon 2 in the K tzetang Cave exhibit somewhat advanced characters, it is here proposed to correlate it with the late stage of the Sinanthropus Industry and the upper part of the deposits in the Main Deposits, instead of correlating it with the early stage and the lower part as was thought by the previous writers.
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