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《Certebrata Palasiatica》 1978-02
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A DESCRIPTION OF SICHIAOSHAN FOSSIL ELEPHANT'S SKULL IN KWANGTUNG PROVINCE

Wang Jiang-ke Department of Geography, Chung-shan University, Canton  
The paper is a description of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) a valuable spe- cimen shown in Sichiaoshan exhibition hall of Nanhai County, Kwangtung Province. Sichiaoshan specimen resembles the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) in several principal characteristics, such as narrower skull, undeveloped molar teeth, lst molar with 12 plates, general pattern of plates, thickness of enamel and case of folds. It differs from living and fossil Asian elephant (its lamellar frequency is 7--8) in several characteristics of the skull and teeth, such as small skull and teeth, low la- mellar frequency (5.5--6.1), general pattern and form of plates after wearing, etc. We, therefore, establish this specimen as a new subspecies-Elephas maximns sichia- oshanensis in order to differentiate it from living and some fossil Asian elephants. The skull of Sichiaoshan Asian elephant was derived from brownish sand layer with clay in 1--3 m. below the ground in "Lungtou Field", Minle Brigade, Kuan- shan People's Commune, Nanhai County. By inference, it belongs to middle or late Holocene, probably not later than 2000 to 2500 years.
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