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《Certebrata Palasiatica》 1982-03
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NEW FORM OF THE THRESKIONITHIDAE FROM THE UPPER EOCENE OF THE MINGGANG, HENAN

Hou Lian-hai (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Poleoanthropology, Academia Sinica)  
Among the collections of Upper Eocene fossil vertebrates excavated from Henan by the members of the second geological team in 1972 there are two bird bones including a distal end of the ulna and a distal end of the tibiolarsus. They were discoved from Lizhuang Formation at the locality named Xi Zhang-gou, in the Minggang area, Henan Province. Minggangia changgouensis gen. et sp. nov. Minggangia is a member of Threskiornthidae by possessing the following characteristics: The bird is a little smaller than the Threskiornis, the distal end of the ulna is laterally compressed; the tendinal groove is shallower and smaller than that in the Threskiornis; the lateral compressive distal extremity of the tibiotarsus is less marked, and the intcrcondylar tubercle tends to disappear more or less completely; the osseous supratendinal bridge is long, the canal for tendon passing the bridge is the small; the supratendinal bridge on the distal end of tibiotarsus is displaced internally ; tuberosity on bridge lies above the external side of canalis extensovius; and the intercondylar tubercle is not well devclped. Diagnosis of this fossil bird is as follows: A very small threskiornithid. Tendinal pit of the distal end of ulna narrow and shallow (fig. 1, 2) ; distal radial depression large, with a groove on the external side; tuberculum carpale taller than Threskionis, and the postrior trochlcar surface deep and wide. Inner condyle of tibiotarsus projects forwards prominently; external condyle wide, with a midcrest on external side (fig. 2, 1). Comments: The tibiotarsus is similar to those of Ibidopsis hordwelliensis, the only other Eocene threskiothid, and known as follow: supratendinal bridge is situated towards inner condyle, but is different in size that Ibidopsis hordwelliensis is bigger than Minggangia, and the tuberosity on bridge is small. The nearest relative of Minggangia is Threskiornis, but the two are differences in the size, Minggangia is smaller, the sulcus tendineus of the ulna, distal radial depression and in the intercondylar tubercle with external condyles. Minggangia is similar to Ardea in size and the construction of the intercondylar tubercle, but different from it in sulcus radialis, sulcus tendineus, tuberosity bridge and the distal end of tibiotarsus etc, therefore Minggangia can not belong to the Ardeidae. These feature make Minggangia distinguished from all the other genera. Thanks are due to Dr. P. V. Rich for sending me many references.
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Hou Lianhai Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Academia Sinica;A MIDDLE EOCENE BIRD FROM SANGEQUAN,XINJIANG[J];Certebrata Palasiatica;1989-01
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Jia Lanpo and Wei Qi (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Academia Sinica);SOME ANIMAL FOSSILS FROM THE HOLOCENE OF N.CHINA[J];;1980-04
【Co-citations】
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1 Bi Fuzhi Yuan Youshen (Institute of Crustal Dynamics,State Seismological Burcau) Lin Yaoguang (Professional Design Institute of Railway Ministry) Wen Qinglan (Institute of Marine Scientifie and Technological lnformation,SOA);A STUDY ON PERIODICITY OF HOLOCENE SEA-LEVEL CHANGES IN CHINA AND FUTURE SEA-LEVEL CHANGES IN THE WORLD[J];Quaternary Sciences;1991-01
2 Jia Lanpo Wei Qi (Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology, Academia Sinica);APPLICATION OF PALAEOANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY TO SETTING UP QUATERNARY STANDARD-SECTIONS IN CHINA[J];Acta Geological Sinica;1982-03
3 Wei Qi(Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology, Academia Sinica);A NEW MEGALOCEROS FROM NIHOWAN BEDS[J];Vertebrata Palasiatica;1983-01
4 Zong Guanfu; Xu Qinqi; Chen Wanyong Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica;NOTE ON THE LATE PLEISTOCENE MAMMALIAN FOSSILS IN THE APA ZANGZU ZIZHIZHOU[J];Certebrata Palasiatica;1985-02
5 CAI Quan-fa(Relic and Archaeological Research Institute of Henan Province,Zhengzhou 450000,China);Investigation of the Pre-history Agriculture and the Structure of Man's Food in the Shuangji River Basin[J];Journal of Huanghe S&T University;2008-05
6 Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology;2006 EXCAVATION ON THE PALEOLITHIC LINGJING SITE IN XUCHANG[J];Acta Archaeologica Sinica;2010-01
7 Wei Qi (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica) Meng Hao (Tianjin Natural History Museum) Cheng Shengquan (Yangyuan Cultural Centre, Hebei);NEW PALAEOLITHIC SITE FROM THE NIHEWAN (NIHOWAN) BEDS[J];Acta Anthropologica Sinica;1985-03
8 Xie Fei (Institute of Relic Culture of Hebei Province) Cheng Shengquan (Protect Office of the Relic Culture of Yangyuan County);REPORT ON THE EXCAVATION OF MICROLITHS SITE AT YOUFANG, YANGYUAN COUNTY, HEBEI PROVINCE[J];Acta Anthropologica Sinica;1989-01
9 TONG Hao-wen1, SHANG Hong1,ZHANG Shuang-quan1,LIU Jin-yi1,CHEN Fu-you1,WU Xiao-hong2,LI Qing1(1 Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044;2 Department of Archaeology, Peking University, Beijing 100871);Mammalian Biostratigraphy of Tianyuan Cave,Compared with that of Upper Cave at Zhoukoudian(Choukoutien)[J];Acta Anthropologica Sinica;2006-01
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1 TONG Haowen LIU Jinyi (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Chinese Academy of Sciences.100044 Beijing);THE PLEISTOCENE-HOLOCENE EXTINCTIONS OF MAMMALS IN CHINA[A];[C];2004
【Secondary References】
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1 MA Ming (Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China)$$$$;A TEXTUAL RESEARCH ON THE GEOGRAPHICAL HABITATION OF WHITE STORKS (Ciconia ciconia asiatica)[J];Arid Land Geography;2002-02
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1 GUO XU-DONG;CLIMATIC CHANGES IN THE MOUNT JOLMO LUNGMA REGION SOUTHERN TIBET, CHINA, DURING THE QUATERNARY PERIOD[J];Chinese Journal of Geology;1974-01
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