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《Hi-tech Fiber & Application》 2005-06
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Current Research and Prospects on New Ion-Exchange Fibers

GUO Jia1,CHEN Yan-lin1,LUO Ye2,XU Kui1(1.Huibei Key Laoboratory of Novel Reactor & Green Chemical Technology,Wuhan Institute of Technology,Wuhan 430073 China;2.School of Physical Science,Wuhan Institute of Technology,Wuhan 430073 China)  
In this paper,the current research on ion-exchange fibers(IEFs) used in gaseous adsorption,metal ion separation in liquid,treatment of organic components in wastewater and effective catalysts,are reviewed and some potential applications are also proposed.Relative research results show that IEFs are ideal adsorption materials for various pollutant gases like HF,H Cl,H S,SO due to their large adsorptive capacity,fast adsorption rate,easy desorption and simple separation process;IEFs are also used in removal of Cu 、Co 、Ni ions in wastewater and arsenate from water,as well as in enrichment of gold,platinum and transition metal ions,due to their large specific surface area,quick exchange rate,short regeneration time and easy wash-out.IEFs enable to remove organic acids from wastewater.In addition,as effective catalysts,IEFs have the advantages of easy separation from final products,no neutralization and washing,low corrosion,high ion selection,no side reactions,and low wastewater discharge.In the future,research work will focus on how to further enhance the dynamic adsorptive capacity under low or medium humidity,and develop new IEFs with high functional groups,large adsorptive capacity,good ion selection and high sensitivity for metal ions.2 22+ 2++
【CateGory Index】: TQ342.84
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