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Effect of Mobile Phone Conversation on Driving Reliability Based on Driving Simulator

LIU Chang,DING Rong,ZHAO Qiong(School of Transportation,Tongji University,Shanghai 201804,China)  
The effects of cell phone conversations on driving behavior are assessed in a simulated environment.Forty participants took part in our multi-staged experiment.By comparing different driving behaviors under different mobile phone using conditions,it is preliminary concluded that(1) disturbing phone conversations lead to traffic accidents,while conversations on a hands-free cell phone ameliorate the bad influence but it is unlikely to eliminate the negative effects;(2) dual-task with phone conversation has greater impact than single task;(3) compared with females,it is more dangerous for males to make a phone call while driving.A reliability model of driving with phone conversations is established based on the relevant data for the comprehensive analysis and verification of the preliminary conclusion.The driving reliability is graded based on the model,and further conclusions are achieved that(1) driving while using mobile phone will reduce the driving reliability remarkably,and disturbing phone conversation will reduce it more remarkably;(2) any form of mobile communication leads to the reduction of driving reliability.
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