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《Management World》 2002-03
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The Causes of and Danger from the Village Government's Debts

He Xuefeng and Wang Ximing  
In the present rectification of village - and township level administrations, their debts have become the hardest nut to crack. The most ironic is that the causes of these debts lie in nothing but he crux in this village administration. These debts are new phenomena that have appeared since 1990s, at the beginning of which, in order to solve the general problem of the village authorities' incompetence and slackness, all the higher governments down to the root - level ones expected to develop rural collective economy to build up their strength. At this period, in the name of founding village - run businesses and adjusting industrial structure, the town - and village - level governments borrowed a lot of money and, as a result, formed the first "basis" of the present debts. The second cause is that, since 1992, under the slogan of "Not Allowing Education and children to be suffered even if the government is penny -less", the villages and towns have been forced to hit the target of popularizing the 9 - year education impractically and irrespective of different regions all over China, especially that, around 1996, village and town authorities, who were feeling the high pressure for being checked concerning the said target hitting, were compelled to raise on a large scale capital from the peasants and borrow money from the bank and other resources to build many houses and buildings which should have not been built, making the village and town government more debt - ridden. The third factor is that, because the economic burden on peasants' back is too heavy, which results in the fact that it becomes more and more difficult to collect taxes and fees from the peasants, the village - level governments have to solicit loans with high interest in order to deliver money to the higher - ranking governments; with this interest rate becoming higher and higher, the debts are larger and larger-finally up to the far of the present village organizations.
【Fund】: 华中师范大学中国农村问题研究中心:《乡村公共财政与国家与农民关系》和《中国农村村级治理模式跟踪调查与乡村关系研究》项目的研究成果
【CateGory Index】: F812.8
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 8 Hits
1 YANG Wei-jun WEI Wei;A Study of the Solutions of Village Deficit[J];;2004-04
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【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Xin-guang(School of Economy and Management Science,Xinyang Teachers College,Xinyang 464000,China);Analysis on the History and Reality of Small-scale Farming System in China[J];Journal of Anhui Business College of Vocational Technology;2008-01
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5 QIU Xiao-ping,CHI Ze-xin,WENG Zhen-lin(College of Economy and Trade,Jingxi Agricultural University,Nanchang,Jiangxi 330045,China);The Efficiency of Rural Intermediary Organization During Economic Transformation Peroid[J];Commercial Research;2006-01
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10 MENG Ti-qing, LI Mei-qing, HE Hong(Hebei North Institute, Zhang-jia-kou 075000, China);Discussion about Deng Xiao-ping's Idea of “Agriculture, Rural Area, and Peasants”[J];Journal of Guangxi University For Nationlities(Philosophy and Social Science Edition);2005-05
【Co-references】
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1 YANG Wei-jun WEI Wei;A Study of the Solutions of Village Deficit[J];;2004-04
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【Secondary References】
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