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《Management World》 2004-03
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Linker Directors,Linker Directors'Networks of Regional Enterprises;and Regional Economic Growth

by Ren Bing,Qu Yuhui and Peng Weigang  
This paper describes the respective form of the regional enterprise network in Shanghai and Guangdong Province shaped by the linkage between enterprises and linker directors.After our study,we have found that enterprises in Shanghai are set into a chain network with a wide range of integral enterprises,while in Guangdong,into a chain pattern coving separate,small-scale enterprises.Combining the Western theory about the making of chain director network of enterprises with our case study in this paper,we in this article have drawn the following possible deduction:1.viewed at point of the shaping of this network,the shaping and development of the form of regional enterprise netˉworks rely characteristically on channels,---to be concrete,the coming into being of Shanghai's enterprise chain director network is set,to a great extent,in extensive,close social and economic reˉlations,whereas in Guangdong,the loose,small-scale chain patter is,to a great degree,associated with the economic operation model dependent on the market,and non-economic relations between enterprises,such as enterprise linker director networks,are relatively simple and few because Guangˉdong's enterprises lean more on the market to actualize their related strategy;2.looked at from the angle of the possible effect of inter-enterprise chain directors network on enterprise behavior and reˉgional economy,the economic behavior and development of Shanghai's enterprises are more or less swayed by its peculiar form of inter-enterprise chain directors,which has the possibility to spur enˉterprises to cope successfully with the uncertainty of circumstances,to be favorable to coordination between the government and enterprises and between enterprises,to government control,and resources obtainment by enterprises---but extensive and close inter-enterprise chains may instigate conspiracy formed by enterprise managers and governmental administrators against economic order and efficiency.Enterprises in Guangdong can quickly collect enough information mainly by the developed markets,but it cannot completely replace the function of various strategic relations between enterprises,such as the link between inter-enterprise chain directors. Of course,the model of economic operation by markets may avoid the conspiracy,facing Shangˉhai,formed by chain director networks or by administrators and managers.Besides,extensive and closely knitted-enterprise networks may,at a given moment important to economy,make appear the situation in which once one party is harmed,all are injured,and therefore,whether and how the inˉter-enterprise chain director network should be instituted,we should observe the principle of"it all depends".Enterprises may establish or bread chains.In our view,the important study orientations in the future will include the role in regional economic growth and enterprise network relations played by the government and enterprises;the formation of enterprise networks;and the mechanism concerning the effect of specific form of enterprise networks upon enterprises'economic behavior.
【CateGory Index】: F276.6
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