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《Journal of Functional Materials》 2001-05
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Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium chloride and titanium tetrachloride

XU Hua rui, GAO Lian,GUO Jing kun (Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200050 China)  
Tetragonal BaTiO 3 powders with 100nm particle size and 12m 2/g surface area were prepared hydrothermally at 240℃, in only 12h, using BaCl 2·2H 2O and TiCl 4, which are rather easy to manipulate. These simple conditions are beneficial to lot production. Characterization via X ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, brunauer emmett teller analysis and differential scanning calorimetry confirmed that increasing the NaOH excess concentration (from 0.5mol/dm 3 to 2.0mol/dm 3) and decreasing the initial TiCl 4 concentration (from 0.625mol/dm 3 to 0.15mol/dm ) promotes the formation of tetragonal BaTiO 3 powders. After reaction, the powders were proved to be phase pure BaTiO 3, with no impurities such as Cl - and CO 3 2- .
【CateGory Index】: TQ174
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