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《Rain Fed Crops》 2003-05
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Research Advance on Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci of Drought Resistance in Sorghum

YI Zhiben1, LIANG Xiaohong2, SUN Yi3, LI Binglin1, WANG Jingxue3, ZHAO Weijun2, LU Huiqing2(1.Department of Agronomy, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu,Shanxi030801;2.Sorghum Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinzhong,Shanxi030600;3.Shanxi AgroBiotechnology Research Center, Taiyuan,Shanxi030031, China)  
Drought is a major constraint to crop production worldwide. Understanding genetic factors associated with crop response to drought stress will provide a dependable theoretical foundation for improving drought resistance. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) widely adapts to drought environment and has become a model crop for studying drought resistance among the grass family. Sorghum responses to drought stress include preflowering and postflowering two stages. Preflowering drought affects the size of head, kernel number per panicle and grain yield. Postflowering drought leads to death of leaves and plants, charcoal rot, stalk lodging and significant yield loss. Stay green is a drought resistance mechanism in sorghum. Genotypes with stay green give resistance to premature senescence and grain filling normally during the postflowering water stress. Recombinant inbred lines (RILs) with different genetic backgrounds and nearisogenic lines (NILs) were developed to study the stay green QTLs by molecular genetic method, which identified several genomic regions controlling postflowering drought resistance. Some major stay green QTLs were consistently identified across various environments. The molecular genetic dissection of the stay green QTLs will provide an approach to better understanding the physiological mechanism of drought resistance in sorghum and other grasses. 
【Fund】: 山西省科技攻关项目资助(021011)
【CateGory Index】: S514
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