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《Dyestuffs and coloration》 2004-04
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The Dyeing Properties of Direct Dyes for Chitosan Fibers

HE Xue-mei TANG Ren-cheng (College of Material Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou 215021)  
Direct dyes were applied on chitosan fibers, and the factors involving the addition of neutral salts, dyeing temperature and dye concentration for dyeing of chitosan fibers were discussed. The differences of dyeability between chitosan fiber and scoured cotton were compared. The results showed that the effect of neutral salt on the uptake of direct dyes was dependent on the numbers of sulfonic groups present on the dyes. Neutral salts would provide an accelerating effect on the uptake of dyes if they contain more than four sulfonic groups. On the contrary, the uptake of dyes would decrease if less than two sulfonic groups present in the dye molecule. The dyeability, dyeing rate and the shade depths on chitosan fiber were higher than those of the scoured cotton, but unlevel dyeing of the former usually appeared.
【CateGory Index】: TS193.63
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