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《Journal of Fruit Science》 1992-02
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Effect of Calcium and Calmodulin Antagonist Chlorpromazine (CPZ) on Physiology of Postharvest Persimmon Fruit

Hui Wei (shaanxi Apples Atomsphere Controlled Technology Research Centre,Xi'an 710032) Xu Mingxian (Northwestern Agricultural University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100)  
The 'Huo' persimmon trees were sprayed with CaCl_2(1,2,3%) and Ca(OH)_2(1%) at the fruit growing period and fruits were hypobaric infiltrated with CaCl_2 (0,4,6,8%) and CPZ (25,50,125mg/l) at 66.66kPa height for 6 min in postharvest and subsequently stored at 5-6℃. Results indicated that all the CaCl_2 spray (1, 2, 3%) treatments didn't affect significantly the pattern of respiration, ethylene production and firmness of persimmon, but on the other hand 1% Ca(OH)_2 treatment increased internal ethylene concentration of persimmon. All the calcium spray treatments increased content of soluble solids in fruits at postharvest. Hypobaric infiltration with CaCl_2 depressed the internal ethylene concentration,respiration rate, softening rate, polyglalacturonase activity, and membrane breakdown of persimmon during storage. 4% CaCl_2 was the best treatment for persimmon to delay senescence in the conditions used in this test. Hypobaric infiltration CPZ promoted respiratory rising, ethylene production and soing. The paper also discussed the type of respiration ofpersimmon fruit and relationship beween Ca~(2+)-CaM and senescence.
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