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《Journal of Fruit Science》 2003-05
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Regulation and Expression of the PAL in Plant and Its Outlook

Cheng Shuiyuan 1,2 ,Chen Kunsong 1 ,Liu Weihong 2 ,and Du Hewei 2( 1 Fruit Science Institute of Zhejiang University,Hangzhou310000China; 2 The Key Discipline Group of Garden Plant and Ornamental Horti-culture in H ubei Agricultural College,Jingzhou,Hubei434025China)  
Phenylal an ine ammonia-lyase(PAL,EC4.3.1.5),a key enzyme of plant secondary me tabolism,catalyzed the first reaction in the biosynthesis from L-phenylalanine to a wide variety of natural products based on the phenylpropane skeleton.It h as great influence on plant physiological function.The distribution,orientati on and basic characters of PAL in plants are reviewed.The regulating effects of inner factors such as growth and development ,and PAL-inhibitor(PAL-I)and PAL-in-hibitor-regulation(PAL-IR),and end products,and outer factors suc h as light ,temperature,and mechanical hurt,and growth regulators on PAL are also summarized.The outer factor regulation to PAL rests on transcriptional lev el.The mecha-nisms of regulation to PAL are concluded with the help of the kno wledge of enzymology and molecular biology.The progresses of the research on PA L in fruit trees are especially emphasized in this paper,and the outlook of res earch and application on PAL in fruit trees is also indicated.
【Fund】: 中国教育部科技攻关计划([2002]97号02095);; 湖北省自然科学基金(2002AB094);; 湖北省青年杰出人才基金项目(2003ABB014)
【CateGory Index】: Q943.2
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