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《Journal of Fruit Science》 2004-04
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Advances in Research of Breeding Seedless Triploid Grapes

Zhao Shengjian and Guo Zijuan(Changli Research Institute of Pomology, Hebei Academy of Agricultual and Forestry Sciences , Changli, Hebei 066600 China)  
This article reviews the latest progress in triploid seedless grape breeding. The main breeding methods of triploid grape such as crossing between diploid and tetraploid cultivars, endosperm culture, using 2n gametes and bud mutation etc. are presented. The mechanism of triploid seedlessness, evaluation approaches of triploid grapes and embryo rescue technique are also discussed. Seven newly bred triploid seedless cultivars in the world are briefly described such as Yileyi, King Dela, Honey Seedless, Kai Mirei, Summer Black, Earlyred Seedless and Polivitis Magaracha. The current problems and future research aspects of triploid grape breeding such as choice of parents, development of triploid embryo and inheritance of seedless characteristics are also discussed.
【Fund】: 河北省科技攻关课题(02220409D)。
【CateGory Index】: S663.1
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