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《Journal of Fruit Science》 2006-02
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Microscopic observation of the developmental process of ovule and pollen sterility of Whangkeumbae pear cultivar

BIAN Wei-dong, DENG Yan-hua, ZHU Yu-xian, QIN Rui ,MU Hui-yun( Heibei Normal University of Science and Technology, Qinhuangdao, Heibei 066600 China; Huanghua Teacher Training School, Huanghua, Hehei 061100 China; The Bureau of Landscape, Qinhuangdao,Hebei 066600 China)  
The developmental process of ovule, embryo sac and pollen, the pollen sterility and the changes of their cytological morphology of Whangkeumbae pear cultivar (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) were observed and studied. Results showed that: the development of ovule, embryo and pollen were completed in the period from bud burst to the full blossom stage in spring. The primordium of ovule and mother cell of microspore both appeared 28 days before full blossom; and 21 days before full blossom the inner and outer integument of the primordium differentiated, meanwhile tetrad appeared. Most of the tetrad appeared 14 days before full blossom. At full blossom stage the embryo sac shaped up, pollen aborted and anther became empty. The cause that led pollen to be sterile of Whangkeumbae pear cultivar was that there was no nucleus in the cell of tetrad and the early pollen dissociated from the tetrad, and degenerated due to vacuolization of pollen cell and lack of thick exine.
【CateGory Index】: S661.2
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