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《Journal of Fruit Science》 2007-03
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Study on the dormancy of mume cultivars in southern subtropical area of China

WANG Xin-yan,HE Hui-ling,LIANG Guan-sheng,ZHAO Chun-xiang (College of Agriculture and Landscape Architecture,Zhongkai University of Agricultural Technology,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510225,China)  
6 leading mume cultivars (Armeriana mume Sieb.) in southern subtropical area of China were observed during the period from 2000 to 2003 in autumn and winter with cutting method for studying their dormant characteristics. The results showed that the Henghe and Daheqing could be classified to the shorter dormancy cultivar group and their flower bud and leaf dormant period were 34.5 d and 44.8 d; the Ruanzhidalimei,Baifenmei,Limei and Taomei could be classified to the longer dormancy group and their flower bud and leaf dormant period were 46.7 d and 60.9 d. In the studied years,the earliest start of dormancy was on 5 October and ended on 30 November (flower bud) and 15 December of leaf bud. Among the different cultivars the mean daily dormant temperature were 22.1 ℃ for flower bud and 21.5 ℃ for leaf bud; the mean daily minimum temperature for flower bud and leaf bud were 18.4 ℃ and 17.6 ℃ respectively within the 4 years. The dormancy of mume cultivars was broken under warm temperatures. It is suggested that the 0~14 ℃ could be used as index for estimating their chilling requirements in southern subtropical area of China.
【CateGory Index】: S662.4
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