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《Journal of Gansu Agricultural University》 2012-02
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Comprehensive evaluation of tobacco quality and the relationship with climatic factors in Qujing tobacco-growing areas

GAO Xu1,SUN Shu-guang2,XU Zi-cheng1,XIE Yan3,LIU Jia-hong3, LIU Zhi-guang1,ZHAO Yang1(1.College of Tobacco Science,Henan Agricultural University,Zhengzhou 450002,China;2.China Tobacco Hubei Industrial CO.Ltd.,Wuhan 430052,China;3.Qujing Branch of Yunnan Province Tobacco Company,Qujing 655000,China)  
761 flue-cured tobacco leaf samples collected in Qujing tobacco-growing area were used as experimental materials.Evaluation on the quality of flue-cured tobacco based on principal component analysis and cluster analysis was carried out,and the relationship between tobacco quality and climatic factors was also analyzed.The results indicated that the quality of flue-cured tobacco of 9 county units could be divided into 4 categories,difference indicators of leaf quality had significant differences within or among the different categories.By the variance analysis to different categories of climatic factors,it could be found that the climatic conditions were significantly different between category 1 and the other three categories.Average temperature,average rainfall,relative humidity and evaporation might have a great effects on the quality of tobacco leaves.There was no significant difference of climatic factors among category 2,3 and 4,the differences of tobacco quality among them might be caused by soil,fertility,field operations and other factors.Without considering soil factors and human factors,average temperature,average rainfall,relative humidity and evaporation had a relatively larger impacts on the tobacco quality.
【Fund】: 中国烟草总公司云南省公司科技攻关项目(2011YN02、06A05);; 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司科技攻关项目(2011YS049-007)
【CateGory Index】: S572
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