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《Journal of Gansu Agricultural University》 2013-03
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Comparative morphology on foliar surface characters of eight species of ferns in Dryteridaceae

LIANG Xiao-hua1,2,HE Biao3,LI Lu1,JIN Yin-bao1,XU Cheng-dong1,2(1.Department of Chemistry and Life Science,Chuxiong Normal University,Chuxiong 675000,China;2.Institute of Bio-resources Research and Utilization in Central Yunnan,Chuxiong 675000,China;3.TCM Hospital of Chuxiong Prefecture of Yunnan Province,Chuxiong 675000,China;4.Department of Information Center,Chuxiong Normal University,Chuxiong 675000,China)  
An observation,comparison and analysis on leaf epidermis characters of 6 species of genara Dryopteris and 2 species of genara Polystichum were studied with optical microscope.The results showed that there was no trichome on both upper and lower epidermis of leaves;the stomatal apparatus were polymorphic,genara Dryopteris were mostly polycytictype and aisocytictype,while genara Polystichum were mostly anomotetracytictype;all the stomatal apparatuses occur in the lower epidermis,no cave,multi-alignment along the veins of leaf and intensive distribution between veins;the stomatas of genara Dryopteris were narrower and longer than genara Polystichum,their epidermal cells were irregular,anticlinal walls were wavy or irregularly uneven while epidermal cells of genara Polystichum were narrower than ganara Dryopteris and anticlinal walls weree little wavy;on the whole,the stomatal indexes of 6 species of genara Dryopteris were bigger than 2 species of genara Polystichum,while the stomatal density had no difference.The 8 species of Dryteridaceae were different in the size of cell of leaf epidermis,and the size of stomatal.It was suggested that we could distinguish two genaras by the size of cell,stomatal,and stomatal index,and the results provide new evidences for mophological classification and identification for Dryteridaceae.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30760040);; 楚雄师范学院院级重点建设学科(05YJJSXK03)
【CateGory Index】: S682.35
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