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《Journal of Arid Meteorology》 2013-03
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Precipitation and Variations of Extreme Drought /Flood Events in the Eastern China in the 20th Century

GUO Xue;WANG Zhiwei;YU Shengbin;GUO Yuxi;College of Atmospheric Sciences,Lanzhou University;Climate Center of Shanxi Province;South China Sea Institute of Oceanology,CAS;Shanxi Provincial Meteorological Bureau;  
The precipitation data observed by 160 meteorological stations in the eastern China(the east of 110°E) in more than 100 years were used to study the changes of precipitation and the distribution of extremely more or less rainfall years in the eastern China including north China,Yangtze River Valley and south China region.The method of Z index was used to transform drought and flood area and study the changes of the dry or waterlogged area and the distribution of extremely dry or waterlogged years in eastern China in more than 100 years.Results show that the extremely more rainfall years in more than 100 years distributed evenly in eastern China and the interval was about 20 to 40 years,and the extremely less rainfall years decreased.There was an oscillating period about 40-50 years for the precipitation variation.The precipitation increased significantly in summer,and decreased obviously in autumn.The trend of annual rainfall along the Yangtze River Basin was consistent with the annual precipitation variation in the east China,which illustrated the Yangtze River Basin precipitation contributed significantly to the eastern China,and the secondary one was south China rainfall.There was no obvious increasing or decreasing trend for drought or flood area in the east China in more than 100 years,but there was obvious interannual and interdecadal oscillation.The maximum drought area mainly concentrated before the 1930s in east China,and after 1969 its change trend wasn't obvious.The extremely drought years in the northeast and north China mostly appeared before 1940,and extremely drought years in the Yangtze River Basin and south China distributed evenly.
【Fund】: 山西科技攻关项目(20080312019)资助
【CateGory Index】: P426.616
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