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《Acta Palaeontologica Sinica》 2008-04
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EXCEPTIONALLY-PRESERVED EARLY METAZOAN BIOTAS OF NEOPROTEROZOIC-CAMBRIAN IN GUIZHOU AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS:A BRIEF INTRODUCTION

ZHAO Yuan-long 1) ,YANG Hong 1) ,LI Yong 2) ,PENG Jin 1) ,YANG Xing-lian 1) ,LI Feng-jun 2) ,WU Meng-yin 3) ,CHENG Xin 1) and LI Bing-xia 1) 1) College of Resource and Environment Engineering,Guizhou University,Guiyang 550003,2) Paleontological Museum of Shenzhen Xianhu Botanical Garden,Shenzhen 518004;3) College of Earth Science,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074  
The fossil record of the origin and early diversification of the Metazoa is extremely rich in Guizhou Province. Five exceptionally-preserved biotas are present in Ediacaran and Cambrian strata. From oldest to youngest,these are the Weng'an Biota and the Miaohe(Jiangkou)Biota of the Ediacaran,the Small Shelly Faunas of the earliest Cambrian,the Niutitang Biota of the lower part of the second series of the Cambrian,and the Balang Biota of the middle-upper to upper part of the second series of the Cambrian,and the Kaili Biota of basal part of the third series of the Cambrian. Together with the Chengjiang Fauna of Yunnan and the Gaojiashan Biota of Shannan,these biotas provide a detailed record of the chain of events in early Metazoan evolution. This record reflects the evolutionary sequence from the origin of animals(Weng'an Biota),to the divergence of animals in the Ediacaran(Jiangkou Miaohe Biota),to the rise of skeletonization(Gaojiashan Biota),the origin of biological mineralization(Small Shelly Fauna),the radiation of Sponges(Niutitang Biota),the appearance of the major Classes of the animals(Chengjiang Fauna),and the evolution and diversification of complex marine ecosystems(Kaili Biota).
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40672018、40762001);; 国家973重大项目(2006CB806401);; 中德合作项目;; 深圳市仙湖植物园基金;; 贵州省科技特别基金(黔科机字2007-4004);; 贵州省长基金(黔专合字[2006]7);; 贵州省科技基金(黔科合J字[2007]2151号)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q911
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