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《Territory & Natural Resources Study》 2015-05
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Temporal and spatial variation of precipitation and the impact factors analysis from 1956 to 2012 in Hubei Province

LI Jun;College of resources and Environmental Sciences,Wuhan University;  
Based on Precipitation data of 35 national meteorological stations from 1953 to 2012 in Hubei Province, the methods,such as GIS, Linear prediction, Wavelet analysis, Mann-kendall test, Grey Relational Analysis, were Comprehensive employed to analyze temporal and spatial variation of precipitation and the factors. The results are as follows: Firstly, the mean annual precipitation was in a decrease trend and its gradient was 1mm/a,there had main wave period of 16 year and 14 year in the generation; Spatial distribution of precipitation from the south to the north, the mountains to the plains gradually decreasing, the southwest mountain as the rainfall center; Secondly, spatially,Precipitation, Global weak decrease in annual, Incremental increase in the southwest and Jianghan Plain, The rest of the region are declining, And quarterly changes is that, The precipitation characteristics of the subtropical monsoon climate, Winter to spring, spring to summer, precipitation is obviously increased,summer to autumn, autumn to winter rainfall, The lowest precipitation in winter; Genetic analysis is as follows: the index of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, Southern Oscillation and East Asian summer monsoon index had a greater impact on the annual precipitation change.
【CateGory Index】: P468.024
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