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《GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF UNIVERSITIESF》 1997-02
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HUGE INTRACONTINENTAL SUBDUCTION ZONE AT SOUTH MARGIN OF NORTH CHINA BLOCK AND PRESENT 3 D LITHOSPHERIC FRAMEWORK OF THE QINLING OROGENIC BELT

Zhang Guowei 1,Meng Qingren 2,Liu Shaofeng 2 and Yao Anping 1 1.Department of Geology,Northwest University,Xi'an 710069 2.Institute of Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101  
The northern boundary of the Qinling orogen is demonstrated by many pieces of evidence to be a huge intracontinental subduction zone where the southern North China Block underthrust beneath the Qinling from north to south and extended down below the Moho.This intracontinental subduction zone is well revealed by seismic reflection profiles across the eastern Qinling in western Henan province.North directed thrust systems were developed in the middle and upper crust in association with the subduction zone,extending over 1000 km along their tectonic strike from Baoji eastward to Tanlu fault and probably connecting with the thrust system on the northern edge of the Qinling orogen to the west.The intracontinental subduction zone formed during the Cretaceous and then controlled the Mesozoic Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the region between North China Block and the Qinling. Present three dimensional lithospheric framework of the Qinling can be described as a flyover type structure with three rheologically different layers,as revealed by geological,geochemical and geophysical studies.The upper layer,from 0 20 km,is actually a zone with brittle,viscoelastic and ductile deformation,and featured by antecedent E W striking lineament.The middle layer from 20 80 km is a zone typfied by flat rheological layering,including the Moho.The lower layer below the depth of 60 80 km is in adjusting upper mantle and characterized by N S striking geophysical anomaly zones.The N S striking strutures in lower layer,resulted from active adjustment of upper mantle materials,pass upwards to the antecedent E W striking lineaments in the upper layer through a middle flat rheological zone,showing a crosscutting relationship of structures in upper and lower tectonic layers of the Qinling lithosphere,so called flyover type 3 D framework. As its northern boundary,this intracontinental subduction zone is a basic component of present lithospheric framework of the Qinling orogen.It formed in the same dynamic regime as other Mesozoic Cenozoic structures.Active deep mantle dynamic processes in the Qinling region are controlled by the interacting between three adjacent major plates,i.e.,north moving Indian plate,west subducted Pacific plate and south moving Siberian plate.The mantle activation exerted strong influence on the upper crust,resulting in rapid vertical uplift,lateral accretion,and modification of old structures.The present flyover type 3 D framework of the Qinling is built up by joint action of tectonic processes of different crust lithospheric layers and represents one type of orogenic structures preserved through long term geological evolution.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: P542
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