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Zhou Huailing&Zhang Zhenxian(Geological Institute of Guangxi, Nanning 530023)Received January 9,1995;revised version accepted April 11,1995  
The Permianh(biogical reef (knoll)in Guangxi was much developed and lasted fromXixa Stage to Changxing Stage,among which Maokou Stage was the most prosperous。The reef occurs mainly in the margin of isolated shallow platform with steep slope。It is di-vided in shape into five types :dam reef, horse-shoe reef,ring reef,chain-like reef andmassive reef. Reef-building organism is made up of by calcareous sponge,in part by hydra, Tubiphytes,polyzoa, red algae,etc。Bundling一binding organism is dominated byArchaeolithoporella, laminated cyanophyta, Reef-attaching organism consists of benthosand algae。The type of reef rock is dominated by composite rock,including bundle skele-ton rock,binding skeleton rock,bundle barrier bindstone,bundle bindstone,etc。The bi-ological knoll lies mainly in gentle carbonite slope,the slope of isolated platform and thedepression of platform, and occurs as coral knoll,sponge knoll, Lotus-phylloid algalknoll, bioclastic marl knoll and algal mud knoll,and constitutes cycle association with thedark mudstone, bioclastic mudstone, mudstone and stormstone in shell facies。The distri-bution of biological reef and knoll are controlled by the expansion and synsedimentary faultof Palaeotethvs Sea.
【CateGory Index】: Q911.6
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