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《Journal of Chemical Engineering of Chinese Universities》 2006-05
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Analysis of the Thermodynamic Stability for the W/O Microemulsion Based on the Phase Diagram Method

PAN Hai-min, YANG Bo-lun, LI Meng-meng, LI Guo-zhi, HE Yong-jun (Department of Chemical Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China)  
W/O microemulsion was prepared by using different surfactants separately with certain cosurfactant (pentanol, hexanol or heptanol) respectively. The thermodynamic stability of the microemulsion was inspected by phase diagram method, the radius of the microemulsion droplets were calculated and the W/O zone of the emulsions was confirmed. The results show that the microemulsion could be formed spontaneously in the experimental conditions, the radius of the water droplets are in the range of 2 nm to 4 nm and it is suitable to be used as the nanoreactors to prepare nanoparticles. When TX-10 is used as surfactant, the biggest W/O zone is formed and while the surfactant CTAB is used, the smallest W/O zone is formed due to the strong repulsive actions between its polar parts. When lanthanum nitrate solution is used instead of water as dispersed phase, the W/O zone of the emulsion is almost unchanged and when the temperature is increased, the W/O zone of the microemulsions becomes smaller.
【Fund】: 陕西省自然科学基金项目(2002B14)。
【CateGory Index】: O648.23
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