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《Optics and Precision Engineering》 2008-03
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Area CCD imaging system used in moving target tracking

LI Guo-ning1,LIU Yan-yan2,JIN Long-xu1(1.Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130033,China;2.School of Electronic and Information Engineering,Changchun University of Science and Technology,Changchun 130033,China)  
An imaging system for moving target tracking is designed by using an area CCD ICX415AL as the sensor.The imaging system stitches up the two slices of area CCD,and makes them share a complete surface to ensure twice as larger the angle of visual field under a constant condition of target resolution capacity,which can meet the requirements for searching target in a large visual field.The structure and the specification of area CCD ICX415AL sensor are introduced,and then the circuits of working clock and power driver for the sensor are designed.The noises of video signal(KTC noise and 1/f noise) are filtered by Correlated Double Sampling(CDS),and the signal-to-noise ratio of the system is also enhanced.To obtain a good imaging quality,the radiation calibration is carried out after design.According to the calibration data in experiments,the radiation dynamic range and the best working point of the system are determined.Experimental results indicate that the imaging system works well when the exposing time is between 0.192 ms and 0.72 ms,and the dynamic range of the imaging system is the biggest at exposing time of 0.32 ms.The whole system takes Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) as the key controller,and its hardware is designed by a software based on the design method from top to bottom,which makes development efficiency enhance a lot.
【Fund】: 国防科技预研基金资助项目(No.1040603)
【CateGory Index】: TN386.5
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