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《Journl of Guangxi Agricultural and Biological Science》 1992-04
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THE PROMOTIVE EFFECT OF CHOLINE CHLORIDE ON THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC CHARACTERS OF CORN

Wei Daozhi (Handan School,Hebei Agricultural University)He Ruotian Mo Jiarang (Guangxi Agricultural University)  
Some photosynthetic characters of corn which was spray with choline chloride (CC)on leaves wcre studied.As compared with the control,the content of chlorophyll in corn leaf was increased by 3%~9%,the photosynthetic rate was increased by 28% 38%(potted corn)or 29%~33%(field corn),the activities of PEPcase and malic enzyme were increased by 20%~27% and 29%~47%,respectively.The activities of artificial photosynthetic electron transport chains,i.e.H_2O→PS Ⅱ→K_3Fe(CN)_6,H_2O→-PS Ⅱ→PS Ⅰ→MV and DCPIP→Vitc→PS Ⅰ→MV in the isolated chlorophlasts of corn were promoted,and the activity of glycolatc oxidase was decreased under in vitro conditions, and the development of grana lamella in chloroplast was promoted,but the respiratory rate was uninfluenced,when the Corn plants were spray with 200,300 or 500 ppm CC. The weigh of 100 grains and grain yield were increased by 3.4%~5.0%and 4.4%~ 10.0%,respectively,as compared with the control.The contents of total saccharide and soluble sugar in grain were increased 4%~6.7%and 5.4%~35%,respectively,when the corn plants were spray with 200,300 or 500 ppm CC.
【CateGory Index】: Q946.885.1
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