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《Journal of Guangxi Agricultural and Biological Science》 2007-01
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Effect of principal component accumulative ratio of contribution and character selection on relationship between genetic distance and heterosis in bitter gourd(Momordica charantica L.)

LIU Zheng-guo1,2,WANG Xian-yu1,XIAO Xi-zhu3,LIU Zhi-min2 (1 College of Agriculture,Guangxi University,Nanning 530005,China;2 Horticultural and Gardening College,Hunan Agricultural University,Changsha 410128,China;3 Nanning Kenong Seedling Limited Corporation,Nanning 530005,China)  
Nine self-lines of bitter gourd were divided into two groups and 18 crosses were made by incomplete diallel cross.Stem width,leaf length,node length,the node of 1st female flower,seeding-flowering days and chilling injury index which involve plant morphology,maturity and ecological adaptation were selected for basic characters.7 groups of genetic distances which principal component accumulative contribution ratio vary from 70% to 95% were stable when character number which constitute genetic correlation coefficient matrix increased from 6 to 12.However,7 groups of genetic distances which principal component accumulative contribution ratio vary from 95% to 100% were unstable.The biggest correlation coefficient between genetic distance and heterosis occured when character number was 7 or 8.Then correlation coefficient became more and more smaller when character number added.Genetic distances were calculated by using 7 and 8 quantitative characters which principal component accumulative ratio contribution vary from 70% to 85%.Using genetic distance as independent variable and heterosis as dependent variable,regressing analyses were carried out.The results showed that there was a very significant linear relationship between genetic distance and yield heterosis and their regression equations were Y=0.1293+0.0284X and Y=0.1867+0.0324X,respectively.
【Fund】: 农业部蔬菜遗传与生理重点开放实验室项目(2004-3)
【CateGory Index】: S642.5
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