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《Guangxi Agricultural Sciences》 2010-03
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Selection and breeding for new bitter gourd varieties Guinongke 1 and Guinongke 2

HUANG Ru-kui,CHEN Zhen-dong,LIANG Jia-zuo,KANG Hong-wei,LIU Xing-lian,CHENG Liang(Vegetable Research Institute,Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Nanning 530007,China)  
Two new early-maturing and cold tolerant bitter gourd varieties,viz.,Guinongke 1 and Guinongke 2,were bred to meet the requirement of cultivation in cold season of late autumn and early spring in south China.Both the varieties possessed similar characteristics such as early maturity,low first female flower node,strong gynoecious species,well flowering and fruiting at lower temperatures ranged from 12℃ to 23℃,and consecutive fruit setting.The fruit was cylindrical in shape,flat in pedicle side,big and straight wart with glossy green skin and good merchandise.Guinongke 1 was about 35.0 cm in length,8.0-9.0 cm in diameter,1.2-1.4 cm in flesh thickness and 380 g per melon in average weight,its yield was about 49500 kg·ha-1.The variety Guinongke 2 was about 30.0 cm in length,8.0-10.0 cm in diameter,1.3-1.5 cm in flesh thickness and 450 g per melon in average weight,its yield was about 52500 kg·ha-1.Both varieties were suitable for cultivation in open field or greenhouse in south China in spring and autumn periods.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2007BAD68B03);; 南宁市科学研究与技术开发计划项目(200802067B)
【CateGory Index】: S642.503.5
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