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《Journal of Southern Agriculture》 2011-03
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Reproduction characteristics of male Branchiostoma belcheri Gray population in Beihai, Guangxi

YANG Xue-ming,ZHANG Li,HUANG Guang-hua,JIANG Lin-yuan (Guangxi Institute of Fisheries, Nanning 530021, China)  
【Objective】The object of this experiment was to study the gonad development process and reproductive behaviour of male Branchiostoma belcheri Gray population in Beihai sea area, Guangxi. 【Method】Branchiostoma belcheri Gray was sampled from their population in Beihai coast of Guangxi and surveyed continuously for 3 years. The body weight and length, ovary size and gonadosomatic index (GSI) of each sample were recorded. Additionally, the gonad of male Branchiostoma belcheri Gray was used for microscopic observations. 【Result】The spawning period of male Branchiostoma belcheri Gray population in Beihai was recorded to be started from last ten days of March, and attained its peak from May to June, and ended up by the end of July each year. The suitable water temperature for gonad development of male ranged from 25.0 to 27.0℃. The testis development of male Branchiostoma belcheri Gray in Beihai could be divided into 5 phases of spermatogenesis, viz., spermatogonia period, proliferation of spermatogonia, spermatocytes growth period, abnormality of spermatid and sperm maturity period. The sperm cell development in male Branchiostoma belcheri Gray population was found significantly asynchronous among and between individuals, while they could mature intensively and synchronously in a short time during reproductive peak season. 【Conclusion】The present study elucidated the reproductive behaviour and gonad development in male Branchiostoma belcheri Gray population in Beihai sea area, Guangxi, which will help in studying the resources protection and artificial reproduction of Branchiostoma belcheri Gray in Beihai, Guangxi.
【Fund】: 广西自然科学基金项目(桂科自0832213);; 广西应用基础研究项目(桂科基0731045)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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