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《Journal of Southern Agriculture》 2014-10
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Effect of different fertilization treatments on yield,quality and nutrient uptake characteristics of lettuce

YANG Dong;ZHANG Xiao-ling;CHEN Yi;WANG Zheng-yin;XIANG Hua-hui;LI Rong;College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Southwest University;Agricultural Bureau of Jiulongpo;  
【Objective 】The effects of different combinations of the three elements of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium on yield, quality and nutrient uptake characteristics of lettuce were studied to provide references for the rational application of fertilizer to get high yield and quality of lettuce in neutral and acidic garden soil. 【Method 】The completely randomized experiment had 5 treatments(CK,PK,NK,NP,NPK) in soils at 7 vegetable bases of Chongqing. The amount of nutrients was 300 kg/ha N,150 kg/ha P2O5,and 225 kg/ha K2 O. In the harvest period, nutrient utilization was calculated by measuring yield, nitrate, amino acid, Vitamin C, soluble sugar and nutrient content.【Result 】The results showed that the yield of lettuce in the 7 vegetable bases of Chongqing was 23962.41-42651.09kg/ha. Compared to the control, the treatments significantly increased the yield of lettuce(P 0.01, the same below)by 20.79%-77.99% and the order was NPK NP NK PK CK. The nitrate of lettuce was 2473.11-3090.22 mg/kg.Compared to the control,NK extremely increased nitrate content, while the other treatments were to the contrary. The reducing sugar of lettuce was 0.928%-1.286%. Compared to the control,NP treatment significantly increased reducing sugar of lettuce,however, the other treatments presented the opposite situation. The amino acid of lettuce was 186.19-276.25 mg/kg. Compared to the control,PK treatment significantly decreased the amino acid of lettuce,while NP and NPK treatments significantly increased the amino acid. No significant difference occurred in NK treatment. The Vccontent of lettuce was 413.3-477.2 mg/kg. Compared to the control,all treatments significantly decreased the Vc of lettuce. The average uptake of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium was 40.30-88.10 kg/ha,6.15-11.80 kg/ha and75.40-134.08 kg/ha. Compared to the control,the content of these nutrients was increased significantly. The highest efficiency of applied fertilizer was potassium(18.4%). Due to their high variable coefficient, it was a key role to use nitrogen and potash fertilizer reasonably in lettuce growth. 【Conclusion 】NPK treatment(N :300 kg/ha,P2O5:150 kg/ha,K2 O :225 kg/ha) is best in neutral and acidic soil.
【Fund】: 国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项项目(201203013-5);; 国际植物营养研究所(IPNI)资助项目(2012-Chongqing-02)
【CateGory Index】: S636.2
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