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《Acta Optica Sinica》 1985-04
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Diffraction self-imaging phenomenon of the grating in the optical system: general Talbot effect

LIAO JIANGHONG AND GU QUWU (Changchun Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Academia Sinica) (Received 14 August 1984; revised 29 October 1984)  
The diffraction self-imaging phenomenon of the grating in the optical system-general Talbot effect, is studied with aid of the Fresnel-Kirchhoff integral in the Fresnel approximation. The geometrical imaging is considered as a special case of Talbot imaging. According to Talbot formula, the properties of the diffraction self-imaging of the grating illuminated by parallel and spherical wave are discussed respectively. Finally, Talbot effect is explained by the method of the interference.
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