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《Journal of The Chinese Ceramic Society》 2004-10
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CORROSION DAMAGE OF CONCRETE IN PRESENCE OF SO_4~(2- )AND CO_3~(2-)

MA Baoguo~1, GAO Xiaojian~1, HE Zhongmao~2, DONG Rongzhen~1Education, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan430070; 2. School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou730000, China)  
A site survey with corresponding sampling was carried out for an attacked concrete exposed to ground water, which contains substantial salts. The degraded concrete component at 6 years old was taken from a hydraulic structure in the western China. Samples selected from the site were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX), and laser Raman spectroscopy methods. The results show that a white mushy mixture consisting of thaumasite, ettringite, gypsum, and calcite occurs in the residual concrete due to a long-term exposure to SO_4~(2- )and CO_3~(2-) in the ground water. It is validated that the thaumasite form of sulfate attack (TSA) occurs in the field concrete, which has been undergoing at a low temperature, an adequate humidity, as well as a sulfate and carbonate attack.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(50378075)资助项目。
【CateGory Index】: TU528.01
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