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《Journal of the Chinese Ceramic Society》 2014-07
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Fabrication of Hollow Silica Microsphere Using Zinc Oxide as Template and Its Effect on Polyacrylate Film Properties

BAO Yan;YANG Yongqiang;MA Jianzhong;LIU Junli;College of Resources and Environment,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology;  
Mono-dispersed zinc oxide/silica core/shell microsphere was prepared by ultrasound/surfactant-assisted template method with zinc oxide as a template and tetraethoxysilane as a silicon source.The zinc oxide/silica core/shell microspheres were treated with hydrochloric acid to etch the core of zinc oxide and obtain the hollow silica microsphere.The structure and morphology of hollow silica microsphere were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR)and transmission electron microscopy(TEM),respectively.The hollow silica microspheres were used for a polyacrylate film.The effect of hollow silica microspheres on the water-vapor permeability and mechanical properties of the polyacrylate film was investigated.The results show that Tween-80and polyvinyl pyrrolidone can be used for the dispersion of zinc oxide and the cover of silica.The zinc oxide/silica core/shell microsphere was formed.Hydrochloric acid is effective in etching the zinc oxide core of zinc oxide/silica core/shell microsphere when pH=2to obtain the hollow silica microsphere.The FT-IR results show that the inner surface of the shell of hollow silica microsphere contains some zinc oxide.The TEM results show that the particle size of the hollow silica microspheres is 47nm,the thickness of silica shell is 12nm and the diameter of hollow cavity is 23nm.The introduction of hollow silica sphere can improve the water-vapor permeability and mechanical properties of polyacrylate film.The optimum water-vapor permeability of polyacrylate film can be obtained when the dosage of hollow silica microspheres is 1.5wt%.
【Fund】: 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-13-0885);; 国家自然科学基金(21376145);; 陕西科技大学科研创新团队(TD12-03)
【CateGory Index】: TQ127.2;TQ320.721
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