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《Guihaia》 1983-01
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AN EXAMINATION ON THE "QIAI" , "QINGHAU" , "HUANGHUAHAO" AND "YINCHEN" FROM QIZHOU

Ling Yeou-ruen Huang Zhou-qiou(South China Institute of Botahny, (Scientific and Technical Committee ofAcademia Sinica) Qichun Xian, Hubei Sheng)  
In Qizhou, the hometown of Li Shi-chen , there are many Artemisia species for medicinal uses. According to the examination , the scientific name for "Qiai" is Artemisia argyi Levl. Van. cv. 'qiai' , the chi-nese medicine "Qinghau" and "Huanghuahao" are the same plant, their scientific name is Artemisia annua Linn., Which differs from the Artemisia apiacea Hance, in that the latter does not contain the "Qinghausu" (C15 H22O5 ) and has no the curin effect of dispelling the chill and inducing the sweat in treating malaria. Besides, for the medicinal "Yinchen", thereare two species-1. Artemisia scoparia Waldst. Kit., the Qizhouname for it is "Shanyinchen" , "Siyinchen" or "Beiyinchen" , 2. Artemisia capillaris Thunb. they name it "Jiavinchen" or "Mienyinchen" The basical young leaves of both plants are used in medicine for the cure of hepatitis and cholecystitis.
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